Your source for congressional testimony may be a transcript, audio recording, or video recording of all or part of a hearing. Style each source using the MLA format template. Note that, depending on your source, the person whose testimony you are citing may or may not be listed in the Author element of your entry.

Hearing Transcript

Miriam Nisbet, director of the Office of Government Information Services, testified to a “strong interest in updating regulations” to use “plainer” language (United States, Senate 11).

Work Cited

United States, Senate, Committee on the Judiciary. We the People: Fulfilling the Promise of Open Government Five Years after the Open Government Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, 2013, 113th Congress, 1st session, 90-863 PDF.


Transcript of One Person’s Testimony

The general counsel for the Associated Press testified in favor of the proposed portal for FOIA requests (Kaiser 7). 

Work Cited

Kaiser, Karen. Testimony of Karen Kaiser, General Counsel, the Associated Press, on behalf of the Sunshine in Government Initiative before the Committee on the Judiciary United States Senate on “Ensuring an Informed Citizenry: Examining the Administration’s Efforts to Improve Open Government.” 6 May 2015,


Video Excerpt

Jeanne H. Schmedlen’s testimony about federal partnerships with state humanities councils highlighted the activities of Pennsylvania’s Commonwealth Speakers Bureau (“NEA Hearing” 02:30–03:45).

Work Cited

“NEA Hearing: Jeanne H. Schmedlen.” YouTube, uploaded by Committee on Education and the Workforce Democrats, 9 May 2008,

For further guidance on citing government sources, see the ninth edition of the MLA Handbook.