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How do I distinguish between different dictionary entries for the same term in my in-text citation?

To distinguish between different dictionary entries for the same term, follow the principle in our previous post on distinguishing between works with the same title: provide additional details in your parenthetical citation, usually the first unique piece of information in your works-cited-list entries. For example, in the following works-cited-list entries for emoticon, the information in the . . .

Published 30 May 2018

How should Icelandic names be cited?

Many Icelandic names consist of a first name and a matronymic or patronymic, not a family name: Björk Guðmundsdóttir (that is, Björk, Guðmund’s daughter)  Gunnar Karlsson (or Gunnar, son of Karl) In a nonspecialist context, reverse the names in the works-cited-list entry: Karlsson, Gunnar. The History of Iceland. U of Minnesota P, 2000. The corresponding works-cited-list entry . . .

Published 28 May 2018

When an article is written by several authors and each section is individually authored, how do I cite a section?

Mention the author of the section you are citing in a signal phrase. For clarity, you might indicate the name of the section in your prose, especially if an author writes more than one section:   In “Faculty Members, Accom­modation, and Access in Higher Education,” Rosemary Garland-Thomson writes, in the section The Changing Profession: “Accommodating . . .

Published 30 April 2018

How can I avoid redundancy in my in-text citations?

As the MLA Handbook notes, “The in-text citation should direct the reader unambiguously to the entry in your works-cited list for the source—and, if possible, to a passage in the source—while creating the least possible interruption in your text” (54). Thus information provided in your prose directing readers to your works-cited-list entry for the source should not be repeated in . . .

Published 28 April 2018

If I have two works with identical titles and no authors in my works-cited list, how do I distinguish between them in my parenthetical citations?

Writers sometimes need to cite anonymous sources with identical titles, such as articles in reference works. Since in MLA style works without authors are cited parenthetically by title, you need to provide additional information in your in-text citation to distinguish the sources. For example, let’s say you have in your works-cited list two articles without . . .

Published 27 April 2018

How do you cite an encyclical letter?

Encyclical usually refers to a letter sent by the pope to the bishops of the Catholic Church. The term originates from the wide circulation such a letter receives. You can find most encyclicals on the Vatican’s Web site or in print. To cite an encyclical, follow the MLA template of core elements. If using the . . .

Published 20 April 2018

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