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How do I cite a primary-source document included in a kit?

To cite a primary-source document from a kit, follow the MLA template of core elements. Begin by providing the title of the document or a description of it. Then list the title of the kit as the title of container and provide any pertinent publication details:  Illumination from a fifteenth-century book of hours. Black Death: The . . .

Published 2 March 2018

In an in-text citation, how do I shorten a title enclosed in quotation marks if the title begins with a quotation?

If you need to shorten a title enclosed in quotation marks that begins with a quotation, use the title within the title as the short form and retain the single quotation marks within double quotation marks: As Barry Menikoff shows, Stevenson’s novels were influenced by his relation to the South Seas (“‘These Problematic Shores’”). Works Cited . . .

Published 21 February 2018

How do I cite a chapter by an individual author in a work with coauthors?

When you cite a chapter by an individual author in a work with coauthors, you must create a separate works-cited-list entry for each chapter: Althusser, Louis. “Marx’s Critique.” Reading Capital, by Althusser and Étienne Balibar, translated by Ben Brewster, Verso, 2009, pp. 182-200. Balibar, Étienne. “On Reproduction.” Reading Capital, by Louis Althusser and Balibar, translated by Ben Brewster, Verso, 2009, . . .

Published 9 February 2018

How do I cite a name like Queen Elizabeth I, John of Gaunt, and Catherine of Aragon?

Use the first name. Some categories of personal names lack a last name–for example, some rulers and members of the nobility and many premodern people, whose name includes a place-name and not a surname (e.g., John of Gaunt). When you list such names in your works-cited-list entry, follow the guidelines in section 2.1.2 of the MLA Handbook: omit any titles . . .

Published 2 February 2018

How do I cite a patent?

To cite a patent, follow the MLA template of core elements. List the owner of the patent in the “Author” slot, the title of the patent or a description in the “Title of source” slot, the number of the patent, the name of the agency issuing the patent in the “Publisher” slot, and the date . . .

Published 26 January 2018

How do I cite a meme?

Here we refer to meme in its sense as “an amusing or interesting item (such as a captioned picture or video) or genre of items that is spread widely online especially through social media” (“Meme”). Citing Particular Examples of Memes You would cite a meme in MLA style just as you would any other work: . . .

Published 13 December 2017

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