You may refer to another part of an essay by adding a parenthetical cross-reference in prose.

(see “Findings,” below)

A page number can be provided if the number is known.

(see “Findings,” p. 6)

In a monograph organized into chapters, a cross-reference could refer to the relevant chapter number.

(For more on this subject, see ch. 7)

In a collection of contributions by different authors, a cross-reference to another contribution may need to identify the author.

(see Staples, this volume)

If the contributor wrote more than one work in the collection, provide a short title for the relevant contribution.

(see Staples, “Contact Zones,” this volume)

If several contributors share a surname, then provide the relevant contributor’s first initial.

(see C. Staples, this volume)

If a parenthetical cross-reference would be disruptive in prose, then the cross-reference can be placed in a note.

1. See the essay by Cynthia Staples in this volume.

Contributions that are cross-referenced should not be added to the list of works cited.

Cross-references should be used selectively. Before adding a cross-reference, consider what it adds for the reader and whether you could revise your work to eliminate the need for it. Cross-references should not merely duplicate the work done by a table of contents, which shows all the contents of a work, or by an introduction, which can helpfully point out connections among the various parts of a work.