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In an in-text citation, how do I shorten a title enclosed in quotation marks if the title begins with a quotation?

If you need to shorten a title enclosed in quotation marks that begins with a quotation, use the title within the title as the short form and retain the single quotation marks within double quotation marks: As Barry Menikoff shows, Stevenson’s novels were influenced by his relation to the South Seas (“‘These Problematic Shores’”). Works Cited . . .

Published 21 February 2018

If an untitled poem is known by its first line, how do I style that line in my works-cited-list entry?

The MLA Handbook explains that when you refer to an untitled poem known by its first line, you should style the line the way it is shown in the source (68). This guideline applies both to the text and the works-cited list: Dickinson’s poem “I heard a Fly buzz—when I died—” contrasts the everyday and the momentous. Work Cited Dickinson, . . .

Published 19 January 2018

In my works-cited-list entry, how do I give the title of a foreign work that is provided on the title page in both English and the original language?

When referring to a work in a bilingual volume in which titles appear in both languages, give both titles and interpolate a slash between them. The slash has a space on each side when the title on either side contains a space: Leopardi, Giacomo. “Storia del genere umano / History of the Human Race.” Operette . . .

Published 11 December 2017

How do I shorten a long title?

Extremely long titles and conventional titles usually condensed may be shortened in your prose and in your works-cited list.    Extremely Long Titles Some works, particularly older ones, have very long titles, such as this treatise by the seventeenth-century English physician John Bulwer: Philocophus; or, The Deafe and Dumbe Mans Friend, Exhibiting the Philosophical Verity of That Subtile Art, . . .

Published 7 March 2018

In an in-text citation, how do I shorten a title that appears in quotation marks when it starts with a title in quotation marks?

If you need to shorten a title within quotation marks that begins with a title in quotation marks, use the title within the title as the short form and retain the single quotation marks within double quotation marks: Karen Ford argues that Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” is “replete with contradictions” (“‘Yellow Wallpaper’” 311). . . .

Published 22 February 2018

How do I cite an article in a newsletter that has no title?

Following the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook, provide a description of the work if it is untitled. Do not italicize the description or enclose it in quotation marks (28–29): Schimpf, K. D. “Quarterly Earnings Prompt Stock Split.” Monthly newsletter of the Phillips Petroleum Company, Aug. 2008, www.philpet.com/smartin/quarterly-split/. Kirkland, Edward. “Sauber, Fisher Duel for Senior . . .

Published 1 December 2017

If a source contains more than one work with an introduction to each labeled “Introduction,” how should I refer to the introductions in my writing and in my works-cited list?

If you need to differentiate among several introductions in a source because each is labeled “Introduction,” you can either make clear in your writing which introduction you are referring to or use a description in a parenthetical citation: In his introduction to Antigone, Bernard Knox remarks that to Victorian readers, “the subject matter of the play seemed academic” (35). . . .

Published 30 November 2017

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