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In my works-cited-list entry, how do I give the title of a foreign work that is provided on the title page in both English and the original language?

When referring to a work in a bilingual volume in which titles appear in both languages, give both titles and interpolate a slash between them. The slash has a space on each side when the title on either side contains a space: Leopardi, Giacomo. “Storia del genere umano / History of the Human Race.” Operette . . .

Published 11 December 2017

How do I shorten a long title?

Extremely long titles and conventional titles usually condensed may be shortened in your prose and in your works-cited list.    Extremely Long Titles Some works, particularly older ones, have very long titles, such as this treatise by the seventeenth-century English physician John Bulwer: Philocophus; or, The Deafe and Dumbe Mans Friend, Exhibiting the Philosophical Verity of That Subtile Art, . . .

Published 7 March 2018

In an in-text citation, how do I shorten a title that appears in quotation marks when it starts with a title in quotation marks?

If you need to shorten a title within quotation marks that begins with a title in quotation marks, use the title within the title as the short form and retain the single quotation marks within double quotation marks: Karen Ford argues that Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” is “replete with contradictions” (“‘Yellow Wallpaper’” 311). . . .

Published 22 February 2018

How do I cite an article in a newsletter that has no title?

Following the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook, provide a description of the work if it is untitled. Do not italicize the description or enclose it in quotation marks (28–29): Schimpf, K. D. “Quarterly Earnings Prompt Stock Split.” Monthly newsletter of the Phillips Petroleum Company, Aug. 2008, www.philpet.com/smartin/quarterly-split/. Kirkland, Edward. “Sauber, Fisher Duel for Senior . . .

Published 1 December 2017

If a source contains more than one work with an introduction to each labeled “Introduction,” how should I refer to the introductions in my writing and in my works-cited list?

If you need to differentiate among several introductions in a source because each is labeled “Introduction,” you can either make clear in your writing which introduction you are referring to or use a description in a parenthetical citation: In his introduction to Antigone, Bernard Knox remarks that to Victorian readers, “the subject matter of the play seemed academic” (35). . . .

Published 30 November 2017

How do I refer to works with identical titles?

It’s not uncommon for a writer to discuss two or more works with the same title. For example, a writer may compare different editions or translations of the same work or discuss a written work and its film adaptation with the same title. When identical titles are styled identically—such as the italic titles of a . . .

Published 29 September 2017

Do I introduce an author’s full name and the full title of a work in each chapter of a book or dissertation?

It depends on the focus of your work. In a dissertation on a single author or title—say, Gabriel Marcel’s Being and Having: An Existentialist Diary—it would be overkill to introduce the author and full title of the work anew in each chapter. References to the author’s last name and a shortened title are sufficient. But . . .

Published 12 September 2017

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