In a works-cited-list entry, if a URL ends with a question mark, should a period follow?

Note: This post relates to content in the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook. For up-to-date guidance, see the ninth edition of the MLA Handbook.

If the last element of a works-cited-list entry is a URL ending in a question mark, a period should follow the URL:

Krugman, Paul. “Bubble, Bubble, Fraud and Trouble.” The New York Times, 29 Jan. 2018,

Note, however, that the rule differs for the title of a work ending in a question mark or exclamation point at the end of a sentence. See our post on punctuation with titles.