You are viewing all posts tagged

Should I cite each entry from an encyclopedia separately?

You should provide citations for each encyclopedia entry that you use in your essay. A good example is Wikipedia, an online encyclopedia. You would cite each article from Wikipedia separately, even though they come from the same source. A sentence in your essay might read as follows:

According to Wikipedia, an encyclopedia “is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of knowledge from either all branches or from a particular field or discipline” (“Encyclopedia”).

Work Cited
“Encyclopedia.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 3 Dec. 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopedia.

Published 4 June 2019

How do I cite a serialized article?

Create a separate works-cited-list entry for each part of a serialized article or for each article published in a series, following the MLA format template. You may include the name of the series, if known, at the end of entries for articles published in a series.
An article published in two parts:

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. “Epistemology of the Closet.” Raritan, vol. 7, no. 4, Spring 1988, pp. 36–69.
—.“Epistemology of the Closet (II).” Raritan, vol. 8, no. 1, Summer 1988, pp. 102–30.

An article published as part of a series:

Glatter, Hayley, et al. “When Homework Is Useless.” The Atlantic, . . .

Published 31 May 2019

How should material from a course pack be cited?

Since course packs may be cited more than one way, students should ask their instructors what to do, and instructors should indicate their preferred citation method. Below are recommendations for instructors and recommendations for students who are unable to get their instructors’ guidance.
Recommendations for Instructors
When assigning material from a course pack, you should decide whether students should cite the course pack or the original source of the work. Either way, the work should be cited according to the MLA format template. 
Say, for example, that an instructor named Anne Smith has asked her students to treat her course pack as the source for Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery.” . . .

Published 30 May 2019

How do I cite the question-and-answer portion of a conference session?

Use your discussion of the event to refer to the question-and-answer portion:

At the ZEE Jaipur Literature Festival in January 2018, I had the opportunity to ask Tom Stoppard a question about his play The Real Thing during the question-and-answer portion of his panel discussion with Sanjna Kapoor (Kapoor and Stoppard).

To create a works-cited-list entry for the event, give the session participants in the “Author” slot, the title or description of the session in the “Title of source” slot, the conference name as the title of the container, and the date and location of the session:

Kapoor, Sanjna, . . .

Published 23 May 2019

How do I cite a conversation in a chat tool?

If you generally discuss a conversation in a chat tool, you can refer to the conversation in your prose or in an endnote without creating a works-cited-list entry. However, if you quote directly from a single message or paraphrase its contents, create a works-cited-list entry for the message and follow the MLA format template.
To cite a message sent to one person, begin your entry by listing the sender of the message as the author. Provide a description in place of a title, and include the recipient’s name in the description. Provide the name of the chat tool in the “Title of container” . . .

Published 21 May 2019

What is the difference between source lists titled “Works Cited,” “Bibliography,” and “References”?

As the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook explains, “the list titled ‘Works Cited’ identifies the sources you borrow from—and therefore cite—in the body of your research project” (20).  If you wish to list additional works and your instructor has no objection, create a separate list titled “Works Consulted.” 
Previous editions of the handbook observed that source lists sometimes have other titles. The seventh edition, for example, explained that “[o]ther names for such a listing are Bibliography (literally, ‘description of books’) and Literature Cited” but noted that “Works Cited is most appropriate, . . .

Published 17 May 2019

How do I cite photographs or other images that I use in a PowerPoint presentation or Web project?

Cite an image used in a PowerPoint presentation or Web project the same way you would cite it in a printed paper. See the example in our post on citing a screenshot or frame capture in a caption. As the post explains, if the image is merely illustrative, provide full publication details in a caption. But if you refer to the source of the image elsewhere, the caption should provide only enough detail needed to key to a works-cited-list entry. The list of works cited may be included as the final slide or as the last page of the Web project.  . . .

Published 15 May 2019

Why are both a comma and and used to separate the names of coauthors in a works-cited-list entry?

The MLA Handbook notes that “[w]hen a source has two authors,” you should “[r]everse the first of the names” and “follow it with a comma and and” before providing “the second name in normal order” (21):

Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

A comma is needed in addition to and so that the reader can easily distinguish the two names. In the example above, omitting the comma after “Michael” might cause the reader to momentarily misread the first name listed as “Michael and Louise Erdrich Dorris.” . . .

Published 13 May 2019

Get MLA Style News from The Source

Be the first to read new posts and updates about MLA style.

The Source Sign-up - Style Center Footer