Should the abbreviation etc. be capitalized in a title?

Whether the abbreviation etc., meaning “and so forth,” should be capitalized in a title depends on its location in the title.

In our publications, we capitalize etc. when it appears at the end of a title because in MLA style the last term in a title is always capitalized:

“Treaty with the Dwamish, Suquamish, Etc.”

When etc. falls in the middle of a title, we may capitalize or lowercase it:

“Treaty with the Dwamish, Suquamish, Etc., 1885.”


“Treaty with the Dwamish, Suquamish, etc., 1885.”

Whichever styling is chosen, it must be applied consistently throughout one essay or book.

Published 20 September 2019

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