How do I abbreviate a title for a parenthetical reference if it begins with numbers?
Note: This post relates to content in the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook. For up-to-date guidance, see the ninth edition of the MLA Handbook.
Remember that the goals of parenthetical citation are clarity and concision. Thus, if a title begins with a number–for example:
1066: A New History of the Norman Conquest
use the number as the short title in your parenthetical reference:
Peter Rex offers a new take on the Norman invasion of England (1066).
Rex, Peter. The English Resistance: The Underground War against the Normans. Amberley Publishing, 2014.
—. 1066: A New History of the Norman Conquest. Amberley Publishing, 2010.
If the title starts with a date range–for example, “1863-1987: Del indigenismo a la dramaturgia de los ochenta”–use only the first date in the range in your parenthetical citation.