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How do I cite a conversation in a chat tool?

If you generally discuss a conversation in a chat tool, you can refer to the conversation in your prose or in an endnote without creating a works-cited-list entry. However, if you quote directly from a single message or paraphrase its contents, create a works-cited-list entry for the message and follow the MLA format template.
To cite a message sent to one person, begin your entry by listing the sender of the message as the author. Provide a description in place of a title, and include the recipient’s name in the description. Provide the name of the chat tool in the “Title of container” . . .

Published 21 May 2019

How do I cite a text message?

Cite a text message the way you would cite a letter. Follow the MLA format template. List the sender of the text message as the author and then provide a description in place of a title. Include the recipient’s name in the description. Then give the date of the message:

Brown, Jane. Text message to Allan Smith. 1 Sept. 2016.

If you were the recipient of the message, you can indicate this in your description:

Brown, Jane. Text message to author. 1 Sept. 2016.

You might also use the description to indicate that you were one among many recipients of a group message:

Brown, . . .

Published 2 March 2018

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