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How do I cite a chronology from a book?

To cite a chronology from a book, mention the chronology in your writing: 

The chronology at the end of The Oxford History of the French Revolution provides the order of major events in the period but no interpretation of them (Doyle).

Then create an entry for the book in your works-cited list:

Doyle, William. The Oxford History of the French Revolution. 2nd ed., Oxford UP, 2003.

If, however, the chronology has an author separate from the author of the book, list the author of the chronology and the chronology’s title (or a description of it) in your work-cited-list entry:

Evans, . . .

Published 26 December 2017

How do I cite a chapter in a book written by a single author?

Create a works-cited-list entry only for the book. If you want your readers to know the chapter titles, you can provide them in your text:

The point of view of children is important in Self-Reference Engine. In the chapter “Bobby Socks,” Toh Enjoe writes, “A child’s sock is not necessarily a sock child,” and in the chapter “Echo,” he remarks that Echo, a personification, conveys a greeting, and “the children interpret it correctly” (122, 313).
Work Cited
Enjoe, Toh. Self-Reference Engine. Translated by Terry Gallagher, Haikasoru, 2013.

You can also supply information about the chapters as a whole in the text of your paper:

Toh Enjoe’s Self-Reference Engine emphasizes the point of view of children, . . .

Published 29 November 2017

How do I punctuate quoted dialogue from a novel?

How you punctuate quoted dialogue from a novel will depend on what you are quoting and how you are quoting it. See the three most common considerations below.
Quoting Dialogue and Text
If you are incorporating a quotation featuring both exposition and a character’s speech into your text, use double quotation marks around the quotation and single quotation marks around the character’s speech that is within the quotation:

Early in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, Miss Baker, upon meeting Nick Carraway, makes the first reference in the novel to the title character: “‘You live in West Egg,’ she remarked contemptuously.

Published 14 December 2017

How do I cite a book chapter or handout that my professor uploaded to a Web site?

To cite a book chapter that your professor uploaded to a Web site, begin with the MLA format template. List the author of the chapter and the chapter title. List the title of the Web site as the title of the container, not the title of the book, since you found the chapter on the Web site rather than in the book. Since your professor uploaded the material, list the professor’s name in the “Other contributors” slot. Then list the publisher of the Web site (if different from the Web site’s title), the upload date (if known), and the URL:

Levine, . . .

Published 26 October 2017

How do I cite an image reproduced in a book?

When you are citing an image reproduced in a book, it is usually sufficient to refer to it in your text and create a works-cited-list entry for the book as whole. In the example below, the image, printed in a book on a page with no page number, is described in prose, and the figure number is given parenthetically:

One political cartoonist working during the 1919 Paris peace talks depicted Bolshevism as an aggressive, predatory hawk, and the peace treaty as an unknowing dove (MacMillan, fig. 6).
Work Cited
MacMillan, Margaret. Paris 1919. Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2001.

Published 7 August 2017

How should I cite digital materials that accompany a print textbook?

Treat CD, DVD, online, and other digital materials that accompany a print textbook as you would any other work in MLA style: follow the MLA format template and start your entry with the author and title of the materials or a description in place of a title.
You will need to determine whether to treat the digital material as a work contained in the textbook. If, for example, you listen to a CD of songs packaged with a print textbook, treat the CD as an independent work contained in the textbook:
Lessons, Readings, and Songs to Accompany An Introduction to Old Occitan.

Published 1 August 2017

How do I cite descriptive copy or a quotation from a book cover or jacket in the text and in the works-cited list?

If you are citing descriptive copy or a quotation printed on the cover of a book, it’s preferable to incorporate the necessary details (chiefly, the author of the copy or quotation you are citing, if known, and the source where the copy or quotation appears) into the body of your text and then create a standard entry for the book in your works-cited list:

On the cover, the publisher calls Viet Thanh Nguyen’s The Sympathizer “a sweeping epic of love and betrayal.”
Maxine Hong Kingston, in an endorsement on the back cover of Viet Thanh Nguyen’s The Sympathizer, . . .

Published 28 July 2017

How do I cite a panel in a graphic novel or comic book that does not have page numbers?

If you are writing about a panel in a graphic novel or comic book without page numbers, provide readers with as much information as you can to direct them to the panel. This information might be a part or chapter number (“In a panel in chapter 3 . . .”) or, if the work is not formally divided, an approximate indication of the panel’s location (“Midway through the novel, we see a panel in which . . .” or “In the first third of the novel, the character is shown . . .”). If the work is short, this information may be omitted.

Published 27 July 2017

How do I cite a book for which no organization is named as the publisher?

As noted on page 42 of the MLA Handbook, if the book is published by its author or editor, omit the publisher’s name from the works-cited-list entry:
Hocking, Amanda. Fate. 2010.
If the publisher is unknown—as in the example below—follow the guidelines on page 20 of the handbook: “An element should be omitted from the entry if it’s not relevant to the work being documented.”
Cummings, E. E. The Enormous Room. 2017.
Keep in mind, though, that a source whose publisher is unknown may not be reliable. Established publishers generally ensure that the texts they publish are accurate versions of the author’s work.

Published 9 March 2017

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