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How do I cite the Homeric hymns?

The Homeric hymns refer to poems that were once attributed, mistakenly, to the ancient Greek poet Homer. They are Homeric only in the sense that they were written in the same meter as Homer’s poems. When citing the Homeric hymns, treat them as a coherent collection of anonymous works. According to the MLA Handbook, titles of works that are contained in a larger work are enclosed in quotation marks (68).
In an essay, you might write the following:

One of the Homeric hymns to Demeter gives the goddess the epithet “lady of the golden sword and glorious fruits” . . .

Published 30 January 2019

If I have two works with identical titles and no authors in my works-cited list, how do I distinguish between them in my parenthetical citations?

Writers sometimes need to cite anonymous sources with identical titles, such as articles in reference works. Since in MLA style works without authors are cited parenthetically by title, you need to provide additional information in your in-text citation to distinguish the sources.
For example, let’s say you have in your works-cited list two articles without authors titled “Harry Houdini,” one from and one from Wikipedia:

“Harry Houdini.”, 2016,
“Harry Houdini.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Feb. 2018,

In your parenthetical citations, . . .

Published 27 April 2018

How do I cite a personal interview when the interviewee wishes to remain anonymous?

If a person you are interviewing wishes to remain anonymous, do not create a works-cited-list entry for the interview. Instead, indicate in an endnote that the source is a personal interview and provide any relevant details such as the method of communication (e.g., phone, e-mail, text message, in-person meeting) and the date on which the interview took place.

Published 5 April 2018

How do I cite a source that has no author?

When a work is published without an author’s name, begin the works-cited-list entry with the title of the work. Do not use Anonymous in place of an author’s name:

“English Language Arts Standards.” Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2017,

“An Homily against Disobedience and Wylful Rebellion.” 1570. Divine Right and Democracy: An Anthology of Political Writing in Stuart England, edited by David Wootton, Penguin Books, 1986, pp. 94–98.

For works created by a corporate author—an institution, a government body, or another kind of organization—list that entity as the author:

Hart Research Associates.

Published 9 August 2017

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