If I incorporate published materials in an online course, should I include the original publication details?Answer
To cite the electronic portion of a textbook, follow the MLA template of core elements. Begin with the title of the material or a description of it. Then provide the name of the Web site where you accessed the material as the title of the container. Then list the name of the publisher of the Web site (if different from the site’s title), the date the material was posted (or if the post date is not given, the copyright date of the Web site), and the URL. If you wish to indicate that the work is a companion to the textbook, you can use the optional-element slot at the end of the entry to specify this fact:
Pitch package. LaunchPad, Macmillan, 2017, macmillanhighered.com/smh. Material accompanying The St. Martin’s Handbook.
No. You should provide the publication facts of the version of the work you consulted and do not need to detail the work’s publication history.
To cite a photograph in a personal collection, follow the MLA template of core elements. List the author of the photograph, if known. Then provide a description of the photograph in place of a title. List the date the photograph was taken, if known. In the optional-element slot at the end of the entry, indicate that the photograph is in a personal collection:
Fanatic, Jane. Photograph of Jane Austen’s House Museum. 2 Sept. 2017. Author’s personal collection.
Treat months in the headings of student papers the way months would be treated in the body of the essay–that is, spell them out.
In an annotated bibliography, the annotations should generally be no more than one paragraph. If, however, you need several paragraphs, indent each one, but do not also double-space between them. If your paper is double-spaced, then double-space the paragraphs themselves.
The names of journal editors are generally only included in works-cited-list entries for special issues of journals:
Charney, Michael W. “Literary Culture on the Burma-Manipur Frontier in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.” Literary Cultures at the Frontiers: Literature and Identity in the Early Modern World, special issue of The Medieval History Journal, edited by Sumit Guha, vol. 14, no. 2, 2011, pp. 159-81.
Appiah, Kwame Anthony, and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., editors. Identities. Special issue of Critical Inquiry, vol. 18, no. 4, 1992.
Although it is not conventional to include the name of a journal editor for citations of articles in regular issues of journals and we do not recommend doing so, if you elect to include one, place it in the “Other contributors” slot:
McCarthy, Anne C. “Reading the Red Bull Sublime.” PMLA, edited by Wai Chee Dimock, vol. 132, no. 3, May 2017, pp. 543-57.
Google search results are not a reliable source of dictionary definitions. When you need to cite a dictionary definition, use an established print or electronic dictionary.
No. A Creative Commons license gives authors a way to grant copyright permissions for their works. Permissions information should not be included in a works-cited-list entry.
Many forms contain standard phrases, such as “Check all that apply,” that do not require documentation. If you are quoting from such a form or mentioning it in passing, you do not need a works-cited-list entry.
For instance, the form that allows a person to sign up to receive alerts about breaking news from The New York Times contains the command “Enter your email address.” If you quote this command or refer to the form generally, you need only supply a URL in the body of your essay (www.nytimes.com/ newsletters/breakingnewsalerts).
If, however, you quote unique and specific language from a form, you should create a works-cited-list entry:
In its “Legal Intake Form,” the American Civil Liberties Union asks potential clients if their case involves “significant civil liberties or civil rights issues.”
“Legal Intake Form.” American Civil Liberties Union of Connecticut, ACLU, 2017, action.aclu.org/secure/ct-legal-intake.
Similarly, a form whose bibliographic information is extensive should be handled just like any other, more typical source in a research paper. Becker Nutrition’s online intake form, for example, contains an author, a title, and a publisher, and its pages are numbered, so you should create a works-cited-list entry for it:
The nutritionist Chris Becker doesn’t just ask his prospective clients about their diet. His intake form contains some surprising questions, such as “Do you consider yourself happy?” (1).
Becker, Chris. “Nutritional Intake Form.” Becker Nutrition, www.beckernutrition.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/Nutritional-Intake-Form.pdf.
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