Adjective Phrases and Clauses
Adjective phrases and adjective clauses are groups of words that modify, or describe, a noun or pronoun. Adjective phrases, like all phrases, do not include a subject and verb.
Carlos looked at the painting above the mantelpiece.
In the sentence above, above the mantelpiece is an adjective phrase because it describes the location of the noun, painting, and does not include a subject or verb.
Adjective clauses, like all clauses, include a subject and verb.
The blender that Mary bought last week broke yesterday.
In the sentence above, that Mary brought last week is an adjective clause because it describes the noun blender and includes a subject, Mary, and a verb, bought.