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How do I cite a chapter in a book written by a single author?

Create a works-cited-list entry only for the book. If you want your readers to know the chapter titles, you can provide them in your text:

The point of view of children is important in Self-Reference Engine. In the chapter “Bobby Socks,” Toh Enjoe writes, “A child’s sock is not necessarily a sock child,” and in the chapter “Echo,” he remarks that Echo, a personification, conveys a greeting, and “the children interpret it correctly” (122, 313).
Work Cited
Enjoe, Toh. Self-Reference Engine. Translated by Terry Gallagher, Haikasoru, 2013.

You can also supply information about the chapters as a whole in the text of your paper:

Toh Enjoe’s Self-Reference Engine emphasizes the point of view of children, . . .

Published 29 November 2017

Do the credentials or titles of authors I cite need to be given?

As the MLA Handbook notes (1.2), a title like Dr. or Sir should not be included before a name mentioned in the text and is usually unnecessary to include in your works-cited-list entry.
You might, however, explain the qualifications of an author in the body of your essay if they are helpful in making your point or refuting a claim:

Although many continue to deny the dangers of fossil fuel emissions, James E. Hansen, a climate scientist and the former head of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, argues that “[c]ontinued failure to phase out fossil fuel emissions will consign our children to a diminishing existence.” . . .

Published 23 October 2017

In your sample student paper on Jane Austen, why do you include the short title in the following in-text citation: (Austen, Mansfield Park 5)?

Two titles are listed under Austen’s name in the list of works cited, the novel Mansfield Park and a letter Austen wrote:

Austen, Jane. Mansfield Park. Edited by Kathryn Sutherland, Penguin Books, 2014.

———. “To Cassandra Austen.” Jane Austen’s Letters, edited by Deirdre Le Faye, 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 1995, pp. 25-28.

The short title tells the reader which of the two works is being cited.

Published 22 September 2017

Do I need to create a separate works-cited-list entry for a story in a collection of stories by one author?

If a book collects works by one author, creating separate works-cited-list entries for each story, poem, or essay that you cite from the book is usually unnecessary. If, however, your discussion focuses on only one work in the collection—for example, Euripides’s play The Trojan Women, in the collection Ten Plays, by Euripides, or Edgar Allan Poe’s short story “The Masque of the Red Death,” in The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe—then you might create a separate entry for the work, as shown in the examples below, taken respectively from pages 27 and 35 of the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook:


Published 19 May 2017

How do I distinguish works by an author that have the same title?

The eighth edition of the MLA Handbook recommends brevity and clarity in an in-text citation (116)—brevity so that a reference won’t obstruct the flow of reading and clarity so that the reader can easily find the corresponding entry in the works-cited list. If you cite two works by the same author, you must provide a short title in your in-text citation, and if two or more works by an author have the same title, additional information is needed so that the reference, if not quite as brief, will be clear.

You should usually include the first unique piece of information.

Published 7 December 2016

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