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How do I cite a print magazine essay republished on a Web site?

If you are citing a print magazine essay republished on a Web site, follow the MLA format template and list the Web site as the container. Information about the original publication is optional and so may be provided in the optional-element slot at the end of the entry. You could also use the optional-element slot in the middle of the entry to provide the year of original publication. Or you could cite the Web site by itself without providing any information about the original. The examples below show three ways of citing a print essay republished on a Web site:

Kerouac, . . .

Published 8 August 2019

How do I cite a serialized article?

Create a separate works-cited-list entry for each part of a serialized article or for each article published in a series, following the MLA format template. You may include the name of the series, if known, at the end of entries for articles published in a series.
An article published in two parts:

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. “Epistemology of the Closet.” Raritan, vol. 7, no. 4, Spring 1988, pp. 36–69.
—.“Epistemology of the Closet (II).” Raritan, vol. 8, no. 1, Summer 1988, pp. 102–30.

An article published as part of a series:

Glatter, Hayley, et al. “When Homework Is Useless.” The Atlantic, . . .

Published 31 May 2019

How do I cite a magazine cover in my works-cited list and in my essay?

To cite the cover of a magazine, you can generally create a works-cited-list entry for the issue of the magazine and then key your in-text reference to the first element of the entry: 

The most recent issue of The Nation features on its cover an image of a donkey with the top of the Capitol building on its back.
Work Cited
The Nation. 17-24 Dec. 2018,

If you discuss a cover image in detail and wish to credit the artist, you could provide the artist’s full name at first mention in your prose or the artist’s last name in parentheses and list the entry under the artist’s name.  . . .

Published 19 April 2019

Should the initial article in periodical titles be retained in both prose and works-cited-list entries?

Yes. The styling of titles should be consistent in your prose and in your works-cited list. Since, as the MLA Handbook notes, “[t]itles are given in the entry in full exactly as they are found in the source” (25), if the title of a periodical starts with an article, retain the article when you provide the title in your works-cited-list entry and in your prose, as shown in the following example: 

In an article in The New York Times on political analysts published shortly after the 2012 presidential election, Eric Pfanner mentions two pollsters, Simon Jackman and Drew Linzer, . . .

Published 17 April 2019

How do I cite a periodical that I am using over a range of dates?

How you cite a periodical that you are using over a range of dates depends on whether you are borrowing any material from it. If you quote or paraphrase passages, you must create an individual works-cited-list entry for each article you cite, as shown below: 

In The Edinburgh Review, Abraham Hayward notes that Thackeray’s “effects are uniformly the effects of sound wholesome legitimate art” (50). The writer of an unsigned review from a later issue of the same journal observes that Thackeray’s “powers” include “rare observation, an acute penetration of motives, an abhorrence of sham or pretence, and an entirely new and genuine humour” . . .

Published 11 December 2018

How do I cite an image in a periodical?

When you are citing an image reproduced in a periodical, it is usually sufficient to refer to it in your text and create a works-cited-list entry for the essay in which the image appears. In the example below, the image, printed in an essay from PMLA, is described in prose, and the figure number and page number on which the figure appears are given parenthetically:

Adoration of the Mystic Lamb is the central panel of an altarpiece painted by Hubert and Jan van Eyck for the Cathedral of Saint Bavo, in Ghent (Connolly, fig. 1, p.

Published 13 December 2017

When citing a magazine, should I include volume and issue numbers in addition to a date?

The MLA’s system of documentation is based not on publication format but on a template of core elements. For each slot in the MLA template, you should include the pertinent information provided by your source. If a magazine you are citing provides volume and issue numbers in addition to a date, include the volume and issue numbers in the number slot and the date in the publication-date slot:

Jones, Mel. “The Second Racial Wealth Gap.” Washington Monthly, vol. 47, nos. 11-12, Nov.-Dec. 2015, pp. 11-14.

Note that a different version of the same source might not provide information for all the elements.

Published 6 October 2016

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