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Do I need to indicate in my works-cited-list entry that I conducted an interview orally?

No, but if it’s important for your reader to know, you can write “Oral interview” as a description in the “Title of source” slot in the same way that you would write “E-mail interview” if you wished to indicate that you conducted an interview by e-mail:
Smith, Helen. Oral interview. By Rachel Green. 6 June 2017.
Read more about citing an interview conducted by e-mail.
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Published 21 January 2019

How do I punctuate a greeting like “Hi, Anne” in an e-mail or other message?

How you punctuate an e-mail or other greeting depends on the level of formality and the structure of the message. In a formal message, one that does not begin with a direct address, you would likely write:

Dear Anne,

But the greeting “Hi” is a form of direct address, which by convention is set off with commas:

Hi, Anne,

That said, “Hi” marks the correspondence as informal. Thus, you might omit the punctuation:

Hi Anne,

If you run the body of your correspondence into the greeting line, as in a text message, you might use a period instead of a comma after the name:

Hi Anne.

Published 18 December 2018

How do I cite an interview conducted by e-mail?

Follow the MLA format template. Treat the person being interviewed as the author. Then provide a description that includes the format (“E-mail interview”) in the “Title of source” slot. You may list the interviewer’s name as an “Other contributor” after the description. Then list the date on which the interview was conducted.

Smith, Helen. E-mail interview. Conducted by Rachel Green, 6 June 2017.

If the interview did not take place on a single day, style the dates as shown in our post on citing an interview that occurred on more than one day.
Note: We have updated our guidelines on citing interviews.

Published 17 December 2018

Should I create an entry for an e-mail conversation?

How you cite e-mail messages depends on how you are using them in your work. 
If you refer generally to a series of e-mail exchanges that you had with the same person over several months or if you repeatedly discuss or quote from such an exchange, you could refer to the e-mail messages in your prose or in an endnote. But if you quote directly from a single message that you received or paraphrase its contents, it may be clearer and more economical to create a works-cited-list entry for the message.
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Published 25 October 2018

How do I cite a flyer sent to me by e-mail?

To cite a flyer or other advertisement found in an e-mail message, follow the MLA format template. Treat the advertisement as the work: List the title of the flyer or a description in place of a title. Then list the flyer’s publisher and the date. Place “E-mail” in the optional-element slot at the end of the entry to indicate the medium of publication:

“Year End Mid-Week Special.” Buttermilk Falls Inn and Spa, 4 Dec. 2017. E-mail.

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Published 26 February 2018

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