References in a dissertation should be in a consistent style (e.g., MLA) and location (at the end of each chapter or at the end of the work). If your published article uses a different reference style, convert the references. If your dissertation contains one reference list at the end, integrate the citations into that list.
If you are citing a chapter of a book from a novel or monograph, create an entry for the book as a whole and list the book’s DOI in the “Location” slot, since in MLA style, chapters from these types of works are not cited individually.
If you wish to include a DOI for a chapter in an anthology, include it in the “Location” slot:
Lewalski, Barbara K. “Paradise Lost, the Bible, and Biblical Epic.” The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in Early Modern England, c.1530-1700, edited by Kevin Killeen et al., Oxford UP, Nov. 2015, doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199686971.013.34.
If the chapter has page numbers, include them in the same slot, separated from the DOI by a comma, following the general principle that commas separate more than one piece of information for the same element (MLA Handbook, sec. 2.6).
MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
The MLA has never offered guidance on formatting outlines. The seventh edition of the handbook notes that there are many types of outlines and that if you are required to include one with your paper, “your instructor will probably discuss the various forms of outline and tell you which to use” (44).
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2009.
Treat foreign terms according to the guidelines in the MLA Style Manualand Guide to Scholarly Publishing:
In general, italicize foreign words used in an English text:
The Renaissance courtier was expected to display sprezzatura, or
nonchalance, in the face of adversity.
The numerous exceptions to this rule include quotations entirely in another language (“Julius Caesar said, ‘Veni, vidi, vici’”); non-English titles of works published within larger works (poems, stories, essays, articles), which are placed in quotation marks and not italicized (“El sueño,” the title of a poem by Quevedo); proper nouns (Entente Cordiale), except when italicized through another convention (SS Normandie); and foreign words anglicized through frequent use.
Examples of terms, phrases, and abbreviations that would not be italicized include “concerto,” “raison d’être,” and “e.g.” (100). For help on using the dictionary to determine whether a foreign expression has been naturalized into English, see our previous post.
MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 3rd ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2008.
If you need to cite a paraphrase and a quotation that occur in the same sentence, you may provide the page numbers at the end of the sentence:
Andrew Davis asserts that the strategies undertaken by the institution were well formulated but ultimately unsuccessful because the institution failed to persuade employees that the “preemptive” efforts were in their best interest (165; see 160-68).
You could also provide the page number for the quotation in parentheses and then insert an endnote about the paraphrase:
Andrew Davis asserts that the strategies undertaken by the institution were well formulated but ultimately unsuccessful because the institution failed to persuade employees that the “preemptive” efforts were in their best interest (165).1
For Davis’s discussion of the strategies, see 160-68.
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