If you are citing a published handbook or adventure module for a tabletop role-playing game such as Dungeons andDragons, treat the work as you would any other book in MLA style and follow the MLA format template. Some published handbooks or adventures may be produced by many people playing various roles, so if your discussion of such a work does not focus on an individual’s contribution to the volume, begin the entry with the title of the work.
Player’s Handbook. Wizards of the Coast, 2014.
Storm King’s Thunder. Wizards of the Coast, 2016.
If your discussion of such a work focuses on the contribution of a particular person or group of people, begin the entry with their names, followed by a descriptive label.
Crawford, Jeremy, Player’s Handbook lead. Player’s Handbook. Wizards of the Coast, 2014.
Perkins, Christopher, lead designer. Storm King’s Thunder. Wizards of the Coast, 2016.
If you are summarizing unpublished story information that was created by an individual, you would not need to include a works-cited-list entry. Instead, include all relevant information in your sentence.
In 2016 Samantha Jones created a Dungeons and Dragons campaign in which the players explored a haunted castle.
No. If you are citing a chapter of a book from a novel or monograph, create an entry for the book as a whole and list the book’s URL or DOI in the “Location” slot, since in MLA style, chapters from these types of works are not cited individually:
If you are citing a chapter from an anthology, create an entry for the chapter and list the chapter URL or DOI:
Lewalski, Barbara K. “Paradise Lost, the Bible, and Biblical Epic.” The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in Early Modern England, c.1530-1700, edited by Kevin Killeen et al., Oxford UP, Nov. 2015, doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199686971.013.34.
If you are citing the anthology, create an entry for it, and list its URL or DOI:
Killeen, Kevin, et al. The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in Early Modern England, c.1530-1700. Oxford UP, Nov. 2015, doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199686971.001.0001.
A DOI is preferable, but if a URL is the only location available, provide it instead.
If you cite a chapter with a URL or DOI that leads your reader to a preview of the chapter and you wish to let your reader know that the entire text of the book can be accessed through a URL or a different DOI, provide this information in a note at the first mention of the source in your work.
As the MLA Handbook (2.5.2) notes, “When giving a URL,” or Web address, “copy it in full from your Web browser.” Thus, a Web address should generally be set roman and styled lowercase:
The search engine can be found at google.com.
Note, however, that a Web site’s address should not be confused with its title. In MLA style, you should use the title of a Web site as it appears on the site and italicize it as you would any independent work. Do not use the Web address as the title unless the address and the title are identical. The following example shows the distinction:
We were looking at the differences between Google, located at google.com, and Yahoo!, located at yahoo.com.
But if you are quoting a source or editing an interview, and the speaker refers to Web sites by their addresses, you should leave the information as is:
The interviewee said that they “were looking at the differences between google.com and yahoo.com.”
MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
Omit the article number and page numbers, as shown in the example below, because the name of the author and the title of the journal are sufficient to lead your reader to the article.
Boyd, James W., and Tetsuya Nishimura. “Shinto Perspectives in Miyazaki’s Anime Film Spirited Away.” Journal of Religion and Film, vol. 8, no. 3, Oct. 2004. Digital Commons@UNO, digitalcommons .unomaha.edu/jrf/vol8/iss3/.
In our publications, we prefer to avoid an orphan—a word alone on a line or at the end of a paragraph—if the word, including any punctuation, is fewer than five characters (e.g., too.). We also prefer to avoid part of a word on a line by itself (e.g., sighted, if the full word is farsighted). An exception is made if Merriam-Webster includes the hyphen in the word (e.g., far-fetched).
In general, student writers and scholars submitting manuscripts for publication need not be concerned about orphaned words since publishers, including the MLA, address this problem during the publication process. But in some cases scholars may have sole responsibility for checking page proofs, so understanding the conventions for orphans may be helpful.
To cite a poem quoted in the published version of a speech, create a works-cited-list entry for the speech since it is your source. You can provide relevant details about the poem being quoted in your prose or in a note.
For example, in a speech about the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Robert F. Kennedy quoted Aeschylus. If you were quoting Kennedy’s speech, you might write the following and cite the speech:
Kennedy urged listeners to reject physical destruction and to seek mutual understanding, quoting Aeschylus, who wrote, “In our sleep, pain which cannot forget falls drop by drop upon the heart until, in our own despair, against our will, comes wisdom through the awful grace of God.”
Kennedy, Robert F. “Statement on Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., Indianapolis, Indiana, April 4, 1968.” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, www.jfklibrary.org/learn/about-jfk/the-kennedy-family/robert-f-kennedy/robert-f-kennedy-speeches/statement-on-assassination-of-martin-luther-king-jr-indianapolis-indiana-april-4-1968.
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