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How do I cite measures from a musical score?

Measure numbers can point readers to the pertinent section of a source more precisely than page numbers:

Mozart supplies a gently rocking melody for Figaro and Susanna’s private reconciliation (measures 275-93).
Work Cited
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. The Marriage of Figaro (Le Nozze di Figaro). Dover Publications, 1979.

If you cite measures repeatedly in your work, identify them using the abbreviation “mm” listed in Merriam-Webster:

Mozart supplies a gently rocking melody for Figaro and Susanna’s private reconciliation (mm. 275-93) but sets the Count’s public repentance and his wife’s sublime forgiveness more grandly (mm. 420-30). 

 

Published 10 January 2019

How do I cite published song lyrics from a musical?

To cite published song lyrics, follow the MLA format template. Note that the way you cite published lyrics will depend on how you accessed them and what information is provided by the source.
For example, the Web site ST Lyrics contains an audio version of “The Story of Lucy and Jessie,” as well as printed lyrics. To cite the printed lyrics, begin the entry with the title since no author is given. Then provide the name of the Web site as the title of the container and list any relevant publication details. In the optional-element slot at the end of the entry,

Published 21 November 2018

How do I cite lyrics I heard from a song in a musical?

To cite lyrics you heard from a song in a musical, follow the MLA format template. Note that how you cite the lyrics will depend on where you heard them and the information provided by the source.
Live Performance
Let’s say you’re citing lyrics from a song in the musical Cabaret, which you saw in person. In the “Author” slot, list the name of the person who wrote the lyrics. If the lyricist did not also write the music, add the label “lyricist” for clarity. Then list the name of the song as the title of the source and the name of the musical as the title of the container.

Published 21 November 2018

How do I cite a song?

How you cite a song depends on how you accessed it. If you listened to the song on physical media like a vinyl album or CD, follow the MLA format template. List the performer or band as the author and then the title of the song. List the name of the album as the title of the container and then provide the publication details for the album. In the optional-element slot at the end of the entry, indicate the format:

 Snail Mail. “Thinning.” Habit, Sister Polygon Records, 2016. Vinyl EP.

 If you listened to the song through a music streaming service,

Published 9 October 2017

How do I cite a song that I downloaded from and listened to through iTunes?

To cite a song downloaded online and listened to through an app like iTunes, follow the MLA format template.
Basic Entry
List the name of the performer and the title of the song. Then provide any additional elements provided by the source, including the name of the record label as the publisher and the song’s release date:
U2. “You’re the Best Thing about Me.” Island Records, 2017.
If the song is from a collection, list the album title in the “Title of container” slot:
Belle and Sebastian. “The Model.” Fold Your Hands Child, You Walk Like a Peasant,

Published 5 October 2017

How do I cite stand-alone sound recordings like MP3 or WAV files?

To cite stand-alone audio files, begin with the template of core elements:
In the author-element slot, list the person or persons responsible for creating the work found on the file. If the work has no creator—for example, if the file records children at a park singing “Happy Birthday” or dogs barking—leave the author element blank.
In the “Title of source” element, list the title of the work you are citing (e.g., the song); if you do not know the title, include a description of the work or the name of the file.
In the “Publication date” element on the template, include the date the recording was created,

Published 19 May 2017

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