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How many containers can a work-cited-list entry have?

The primary goal of assembling a works-cited-list entry is to identify the work you are citing and the version of it you consult. Here are examples of the most commonly structured works-cited-list entries.
Entry for a Work with One Container

Sigmund, Paul E. “Chile.” Latin American Politics and Development, edited by Howard J. Wiarda and Harvey F. Kline, 7th ed., Westview Press, 2011, pp. 168-99.

Entry for a Work with Two Containers

Quirk, Tom. “The Flawed Greatness of Huckleberry Finn.” American Literary Realism, vol. 45, no. 1, Fall 2012, pp. 38-48. JSTOR,

Published 7 July 2017

How do I cite a work streamed through an app?

If you access a work through an app, consider the app a version according to the MLA format template. The version may be a number, such as 1.3.1, as in the first example, from page 39 of the MLA Handbook. Or it may be a name, such as Netflix, as in the second example below; add the word app if clarification is needed:
Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Othello. Edited by Barbara Mowat and Paul Werstine, version 1.3.1, Luminary Digital Media, 2013.
The Crown. Netflix app,

Published 8 December 2016

How do I cite an image from a slide presentation on the Web or from a lecture I attend?

Cite an image from a slide presentation on the Web the same way you would cite an image on a Web page. Indicate the slide and its number, either in the optional-element slot at the end of the entry or in a parenthetical citation in your text:

Benton, Thomas Hart. Instruments of Power. 1930–31. The Met, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Slide 1.
Thomas Hart Benton’s panel Instruments of Power is part a larger mural (slide 1).

Cite an image from a slide presentation that you viewed in person by providing the name of the presenter as the author if the author created the image in the slide.

Published 2 March 2018

How do I cite a museum image that I viewed in person or online?

Page 49 of the MLA Handbook demonstrates how to create a works-cited-list entry for an artwork viewed firsthand at a museum. Include the name of the artist, the title of the work, the date of composition, and the name of the museum along with the city in which the museum is located:

Bearden, Romare. The Train. 1975, Museum of Modern Art, New York.

The medium of publication and materials of composition, if important to your discussion, could be included at the end of the entry as optional elements.
If you viewed the same painting on the museum’s Web site,

Published 29 September 2016

How do I cite a dissertation in MLA style?

A dissertation is a unique type of source. It is a finished, stand-alone work written under the auspices of an institution. In a change from the previous edition of the MLA Handbook we do not distinguish between published and unpublished dissertations. To cite a dissertation, include in the entry the author, title, and date of publication as core elements. As an optional element, list the institution granting the degree and a description of the work.

Njus, Jesse. Performing the Passion: A Study on the Nature of Medieval Acting. 2010. Northwestern U,

Published 7 July 2016

How do I cite an e-book in MLA style?

An e-book—that is, a book that lacks a URL and that you use software to read on a personal device or computer—is considered a version according to the MLA Handbook’s template of core elements:

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., e-book, Modern Language Association of America, 2016.

If you know the type of e-book you consulted (e.g., Kindle, EPUB), specify it instead of “e-book”:

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Kindle ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.

When citing an e-book in your text, avoid using device-specific numbering systems. See section 3.3.3 of the handbook for suggestions on alternative ways to identify the parts of a work.

Published 23 June 2016

How do I document an interview in MLA style?

Create a works-cited-list entry for an interview as you would for any other source: follow the MLA style template. In general, treat the person being interviewed as the author. Then provide the title of the interview:

Saro-Wiwa, Ken. “English Is the Hero.” No Condition Is Permanent: Nigerian Writing and the Struggle for Democracy, edited by Holger Ehling and Claus-Peter Holste-von Mutius, Rodopi, 2001, pp. 13–19.

If the interview is contained in another work, the interviewer’s name may be included in the optional-element slot after the title of the interview and followed by a period: 

Saro-Wiwa, Ken. “English Is the Hero.” Interview conducted by Diri I.

Published 7 June 2016

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