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How do I indicate that the editor of a work is also its translator in my works-cited-list entry?

When an individual is both the editor and translator of a work, put the name of the editor-translator in the “Author” slot, followed by the designation editor and translator:

Kepner, Susan Fulop, editor and translator. The Lioness in Bloom: Modern Thai Fiction about Women. U of California P, 1996.

If the work has an author in addition to an editor-translator, list the author in the “Author” slot and the editor-translator in the “Other contributors” slot:

Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and Its Discontents. Edited and translated by James Strachey, W. W. Norton, 2005. 

If your focus is on the contribution of the editor-translator, . . .

Published 7 January 2019

How do I cite more than one sonnet from a sequence of sonnets?

As always, when you are citing a work contained in a larger work, you must identify the particular work you are citing. Thus, if you are citing more than one sonnet from a sequence of sonnets, include the word sonnet and the sonnet’s number in your prose or parenthetically and create one works-cited-list entry for the entire collection of sonnets. 

In sonnet 137 William Shakespeare asks Love, “[W]hat dost thou to mine eyes, / That they behold and see not what they see?” (lines 1–2), and he speaks of a “perjur’d eye” in sonnet 152 (line 13).

Published 30 August 2018

Can I create a works-cited-list entry for an essay, poem, or story in a collection by one author?

If you are citing more than one essay, poem, or story by the same author and using a single collection of that author’s works—edited or not—then it is generally most efficient to cite the collection as a whole in your works-cited list:

Walter Benjamin notes that in Naples “each private attitude or act is permeated by streams of communal life” whereas in Moscow “Bolshevism has abolished private life. The bureaucracy, political activity, the press are so powerful that no time remains for interests that do not converge with them” (171, 108). 
Work Cited
Benjamin, Walter. Reflections: Essays, Aphorisms, Autobiographical Writing, . . .

Published 14 June 2018

How do I cite multiple works by the same author from the same collection?

If you are citing multiple works by the same author from a collection that includes contributions by other authors, create a works-cited-list entry for each work you are citing: 

Works Cited
Milton, John. AreopagiticaThe Norton Anthology of English Literature, edited by E. Talbot Donaldson et al., 4th ed., vol. 1, W. W. Norton, 1979, pp. 1399-1409. 
—. Samson Agonistes. The Norton Anthology of English Literature, edited by E. Talbot Donaldson et al., 4th ed., vol. 1, W. W. Norton, 1979, pp. 1540-83. 

You may also provide a main entry for the collection and create cross-references to it:

Works Cited
Donaldson,  . . .

Published 8 May 2018

How do I cite a primary-source document included in a kit?

To cite a primary-source document from a kit, follow the MLA format template. Begin by providing the title of the document or a description of it. Then list the title of the kit as the title of container and provide any pertinent publication details: 

Illumination from a fifteenth-century book of hours. Black Death: The Plague, by E. R. Chamberlin, adapted by Muriel L. Dubois, Jack Daws Publications, 2005.

  . . .

Published 2 March 2018

How do I cite an authored work contained in another authored work, like an essay in a textbook?

To cite an essay with an author in a textbook with authors rather than editors, follow the MLA format template and list the authors of the textbook in the “Other contributors” slot:

Graff, Gerald. “Disliking Books.” From Inquiry to Academic Writing: A Practical Guide, by Stuart Greene and April Lidinsky, 2nd ed., Bedford / St. Martin’s, 2012, pp. 22-26.

Published 25 October 2017

Do I need to create a separate works-cited-list entry for a story in a collection of stories by one author?

If a book collects works by one author, creating separate works-cited-list entries for each story, poem, or essay that you cite from the book is usually unnecessary. If, however, your discussion focuses on only one work in the collection—for example, Euripides’s play The Trojan Women, in the collection Ten Plays, by Euripides, or Edgar Allan Poe’s short story “The Masque of the Red Death,” in The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe—then you might create a separate entry for the work, as shown in the examples below, taken respectively from pages 27 and 35 of the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook:


Published 19 May 2017

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