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How do I format an appendix and style its heads?

There are many possible ways to format an appendix. A rule of thumb is to let the content guide the choice of format. Types of appendix content include the following: prose explanations that supplement the main text, numbered and unnumbered lists, bibliographies and suggestions for further reading, samples of questionnaires and surveys, and charts and tables.
An appendix that consists mainly of prose requires no special formatting. Use paragraphs, as in your main text, and consider adding titled subheads if the appendix is long.

Appendix 1: An Introduction to the Language of the C Text
The language in the C text of William Langland’s Piers Plowman can be strikingly different from present-day English and even from Chaucer’s English.

Published 20 December 2018

How do I cite a scene deleted from a play?

Cite the version of the scene you consulted, whether a typescript from an archive, an online resource, an appendix to a print edition, or a live or recorded production that includes the scene.
If the version you consulted is published separately from the edition of the play you use, create an entry for it as well as the play:

Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. Bookman House, 1998.
———. “Handout: Deleted Act 2, Scene 2.” English 101, La Posada High School, spring 2018.

When you are quoting from or paraphrasing the deleted scene, your in-text citation should direct the reader to the entry for the handout:

Miller, . . .

Published 12 November 2018

If I have to place my appendix after the works-cited list, where should the works I cite in the appendix be listed?

It is not standard to place an appendix after a works-cited list, but if you need to do so, and the appendix cites many sources, create a separate works-cited list. If you cite only a few sources, provide full publication information for each source in endnotes or, if the appendix is composed exclusively of images or figures, in captions. For details on how to style the information, see our post on documenting a source parenthetically and in captions. Sources in the notes may be styled in the same way.

Published 18 May 2018

How do I cite an appendix?

An appendix can be cited like any other division of a work: in the text.
A Single Appendix
You may refer to a single appendix in your prose or parenthetically.

In the appendix to her essay, Judith Bryant Wittenberg details several useful questions for classroom discussion of The Sound and The Fury.
Work Cited
Wittenberg, Judith Bryant. “Teaching The Sound and the Fury with Freud.” Approaches to Teaching Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury, edited by Stephen Hahn and Arthur F. Kinney, Modern Language Association of America, 1996, pp. 73-78.


Judith Bryant Wittenberg details several useful questions for classroom discussion of The Sound and The Fury (appendix).

Published 12 December 2017

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