If the name of an academic press contains the words University Press, use the abbreviation UP in the publisher’s name, as indicated in the MLA Handbook (97):
But for other academic presses and for nonacademic presses that have Press in their names, spell out Press:
If a direct question contained in a sentence is long or has internal punctuation, set the question off with a comma and begin it with a capital letter:
Use lowercase letters to begin questions incorporated in series in a sentence:
But longer questions in series are usually more appropriately styled as separate sentences:
I have several questions: What punctuation should I use? In what circumstances should I use it? What are the rules?
In an interview, the person being interviewed is generally considered the author; thus the works-cited-list entry for the interview will be listed under that person’s name. If you use the name of the person being interviewed in your prose, you have provided your reader with the necessary information to find the entry:
Orhan Pamuk has said that the war in Iraq “made life for democrats in this part of the world harder” (179).
Pamuk, Orhan. “Implementing Disform: An Interview with Orhan Pamuk.” Interview by Z. Esra Mirze. PMLA, vol. 123, no. 1, 2008, pp. 176–80.
If, however, you include the interviewer’s name in prose as well, it may be helpful to parenthetically repeat the name under which the works-cited-list entry appears:
To quote dialogue between the interviewer and the interviewee, use the following format:
Although it is not conventional to document a building as if it were a work, if you are discussing many buildings in detail–for example, analyzing their architectural details, comparing them to one another–and wish to list full information about them in your works-cited list, follow the MLA template of core elements. Generally begin your entry with the architect in the “Author” slot, followed by the name of the building in the “Title of source” position. Then list the date of construction, followed by the location:
This approach should be reserved for an in-depth, specialist study on architecture. If you are writing generally about a building’s importance, no entry is needed.
Cite an art catalog the way you would cite a book:
If the catalog does not have an author or editor, begin the entry with the title:
When you cite a chapter by an individual author in a work with coauthors, you must create a separate works-cited-list entry for each chapter:
In MLA style, words used as words and letters used as letters are italicized:
Someone might write, for example, “There are too many sos in this sentence,” in response to:
So many people were present, so he said so, so they were all so very pleased, but others felt that attendance was not so great, was, in a word, so-so.
But “sos” is hard to read. It looks at first like a mistake. Using italics might help a bit but not much: sos. Another option would be to add an apostrophe: so’s. But MLA style uses apostrophes only to form plurals of letters: p’s and q’s.
Note that dos and don’ts is fairly well established—that is, in the dictionary—but dos by itself seems as uncomfortable as sos. (In the thought balloon above the reader’s head might appear, with multiple question marks, “disk operating system” or “save our ship.”)
Consider sidestepping, rewording, when the imperfection of language rules causes this kind of trouble:
The word so appears way too often in this sentence.
If you are citing a work by a Native American author and the author’s name consists of a first name and a last name, invert the names at the start of your works-cited-list entry:
If the name consists of a two-part first name with no last name, do not invert the parts:
The entry would be listed alphabetically in the works-cited list according to the first letter of the name: b.
When you write about an author who has published works under more than one name and gender identity, we recommend following the guidelines in the MLA Handbook for authors who have published works under different names (2.1.1). The critic Jack (aka J. Jack) Halberstam, for instance, formerly published work as Judith Halberstam. If you are writing an essay in which you discuss both Gaga Feminism (published under J. Jack) and Female Masculinity (published under Judith), cross-reference the entries in the works-cited list as follows:
Halberstam, J. Jack (see also Halberstam, Judith). Gaga Feminism: Sex, Gender, and the End of Normal. Beacon Press, 2012.
Halberstam, Judith (see also Halberstam, J. Jack). Female Masculinity. Duke UP, 1998.
In your prose, avoid pronouns (unless awkward repetition results) or use the gendered pronouns that the author currently prefers, even when you refer to work the author published before transitioning:
Halberstam pursues some of the issues in Gaga Feminism that he first explored in Female Masculinity.