Works-cited lists typically do not contain entries for Web sites as a whole. Entries should refer to the specific Web page or resource that contains the quoted or summarized information. To cite an individual page or resource on The MLA Style Center, follow the MLA format template. List the author of the page in the “Author” slot and the title of the page in the “Title of source” slot. In the “Title of container” slot, provide the title of the site: The MLA Style Center. List “Modern Language Association of America” as the publisher of the Web site. Provide the date the page was created and the URL that leads to the page.
If the page does not include an author’s name, start your entry with the title of the page:
If the page does not list the date it was created, include the year that is shown in the copyright section of the site’s footer:
Yes. Since hashtags are used for a variety of reasons in tweets—to categorize the tweet, to communicate with a group, to convey humor, and so on—hashtags should be included in quotations of tweets. And hashtags can provide important information about tweets, so they should be included in the titles of tweets in entries in the works-cited list. The MLA Handbook recommends using the full text of a tweet as its title (29). However, sometimes the text of a tweet is too long to be used as a title, and so the text may be truncated with an ellipsis. In that case, it is OK not to include hashtags. Otherwise you should use the full text of a tweet, including hashtags, as its title. The following provides an example, adapted from the MLA Handbook:
@persianwiki. “We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now – #Iranelection.” Twitter, 23 June 2009, twitter.com/persianwiki/status/2298106072.
For more examples of how to cite tweets, you can refer to our post on alphabetizing tweets, or our post about citing a Twitter thread.
MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
How you cite the MLA’s journal Profession depends on which version you are citing. Before 2013, Profession was a print journal published once a year. Beginning in 2013 its articles were published online but were not grouped in discrete issues. In the fall of 2018 it became an online journal published three times a year; the articles published online between 2013 and 2018 are archived on the journal’s new Web site (profession.mla.org). Follow the MLA format template when you are citing articles from Profession, regardless of the version.
If you are citing the print version, you might write something like the following:
In an article from 2012, the scholar Christopher Freeburg explained how working at Starbucks has “shaped [his] thinking” and made him a better teacher (25).
Freeburg, Christopher. “Teaching Literature and the Bitter Truth about Starbucks.” Profession, 2012, pp. 25–30.
If you are citing the online version, you might write something like the following:
A recent article in Profession describes a version of “transformative mentorship” that attempts to realign the “perverse incentives” of the academic workplace (Sowards).
Sowards, Robin J. “Mentoring and Institutional Change.” Profession, Fall 2018, profession.mla.org/mentoring-and-institutional-change/.
The school and its city, if the city is not part of the school name, should be listed in the “Location” slot in your works-cited-list entry because that is where the course or lecture took place:
For more examples, see our post on citing an image shown in a lecture.
How you cite an ancient work of art depends on where you viewed it.
If you viewed it at a museum, follow our guidelines for citing artwork at a museum. If you viewed it online, follow our guidelines in the same post for citing artwork found online. Style the name of the artwork roman without quotation marks, following the convention for styling names of ancient works of art.
As always, key your in-text citation to the first element of the works-cited-list entry, which will likely be the name of the artwork, since the creators of ancient works of art are usually unknown.
List the full name of each person and provide the suffix after the last name of the person to whom it belongs. In MLA style, the suffix should be surrounded by commas:
No. Do not use “sic,” from the Latin for “thus” or “so,” to indicate that a quotation has been reproduced accurately. If clarification of a quotation is needed, use an endnote; or, if the source’s word choice is germane to an essay, it can be discussed in the main text.
You should follow the edition you are using when you construct your citations. Some editions make the epilogue part of the last act of the play. Other editions make the epilogue its own section and give it separate line numbers. If the epilogue is presented as an extension of the last act, cite it as if you were citing the last act; if necessary, you can make it clear in your prose that you are quoting the epilogue. If the epilogue is presented as a separate section, your in-text citation should specify that you are quoting from the epilogue and should provide the line numbers of the quotation. The citations given below provide examples of both versions of epilogues.
Whereas Prospero has relied on magic to create his dramatic illusions throughout The Tempest, in the epilogue he casts the audience in the role of enchanter: “Let me not,” he says, “dwell / In this bare island by your spell” (5.1.323, 325–26).
At the end of Henry V, the chorus alludes to Henry VI, under whose reign the victories of his father will be undone and England will be thrown into civil war: “Whose state so many had the managing / That they lost France and made his England bleed” (Epilogue, lines 11–12).
Shakespeare, William. Henry V. Edited by Gary Taylor, Oxford UP, 1982. Oxford Scholarly Editions Online, doi:10.1093/actrade/9780198129127.book.1.
———. The Tempest. Edited by Stephen Orgel, Oxford UP, 1987. Oxford Scholarly Editions Online, doi:10.1093/actrade/9780198129172.book.1.