Search results for “footnotes”
You are not obligated to tell your reader the original sources of the quotations. Nor should you include any note numbers or parenthetical documentation from the original source, as noted in our post on what you can omit when quoting sources. If you wish to tell your reader the source of the quotations, you can provide the information in a single footnote or endnote at the end of the passage.
Cite a numbered footnote or endnote in a parenthetical citation thus:
Edward Wallis, the editor, notes that the poet used this technique for the first time in “New Poem” (77n5).
When citing multiple notes from a single page, this format is suggested:
The editors of the facsimile edition call the reader’s attention to three instances of this rhetorical device (56 [nn 1, 4, 5]).
It would be unusual to cite a note in the list of works cited, and writers are encouraged to build references into the main body of their work whenever possible.
. . . how to use the MLA format template.
Digital Citation Tool
Build citations with our interactive template.
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Endnotes and Footnotes
Read our guide about using notes in MLA style.
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Setting Up a Research Paper
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Yes. Two kinds of notes are suitable with the parenthetical citations used in MLA style: content notes and bibliographic notes. These may be styled either as footnotes or endnotes.
Content notes offer the reader comment, explanation, or information that the text can’t accommodate. In general, they should be used only when . . .
. . . Work Cited
Zola, Émile. Germinal. Translated by Roger Pearson, Penguin Books, 2004.
If the notes are not numbered (e.g., if they are set as footnotes indicated by symbols or appear in a headnote or marginalia), list “n” alone after the page number or make clear in your prose where the . . .
. . . London dialect. This introduction provides students with the basic knowledge necessary to smoothly read Pearsall’s edition. Since difficult lines in the poem are explained in its footnotes and annotations, this guide provides only a rudimentary working knowledge of the most pressing grammatical and lexical issues. No specific linguistic knowledge is assumed.
Pronunciation and Spelling . . .
. . . review. Now that you know when to use notes, learn all the ins and outs of styling them.
Styling of Notes
Notes may be styled either as footnotes or endnotes, according to the preference of your teacher, institution, or publisher. In its publications, the MLA uses endnotes.
Length of Notes
The MLA’s system . . .
. . . text to a list of works cited (unlike court filings, which cite works in the text of the brief, or academic legal writings, which cite works in footnotes ), writers should, with a few exceptions (noted below), standardize titles of legal sources in their prose and list of works cited. Following the MLA Handbook . . .