Although it is not generally necessary to indicate that a work appears in a special issue of a journal, you can cite special issues by following the MLA format template. Include the same information you would for an article in a regular issue, adding the special issue’s title, a comma, and the phrase “special issue of” before the journal’s title in the “Title of Container” slot:
Charney, Michael W. “Literary Culture on the Burma-Manipur Frontier in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.” Literary Cultures at the Frontiers: Literature and Identity in the Early Modern World, special issue of The Medieval History Journal, edited by Sumit Guha, vol. 14, no. 2, 2011, pp. 159-81.
If a special issue identifies itself not by title but by description (e.g., “special issue on Shakespeare”), include that description and the journal’s title in the “Title of Container” slot:
Frelik, Paweł. “Of Slipstream and Others: SF and Genre Boundary Discourses.” Special issue on slipstream, Science Fiction Studies, vol. 38, no. 1, Mar. 2011, pp. 20-45.
In general, copy the title of the work exactly as it appears on the site. For example, YouTube contains a video that an uploader has labeled “Night of the Comet Widescreen Full Movie 1984.” In your works-cited-list entry, you would therefore provide the title of the work given by the uploader because you’re citing that version of the work, not the original version of the movie, Night of the Comet:
It’s important to cite the publication details of the version you consult because parts of the original work could be cut off, distorted by poor recording quality, or even altered in invisible ways. Disambiguation is also important: the same work often appears in multiple versions on video sharing sites. For example, a commercial performed by the comedy team Elaine May and Mike Nichols is posted on YouTube with different titles, and the recordings vary in length by five seconds:
Faithful presentation of the work in the list of works cited does not mean that you must refer to the official version of the work in your writing using the uploaded title. If you are writing generally about Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, you would refer to it as such, even though you may be quoting from an edition titled The Canterbury Tales: Fifteen Tales and the General Prologue or Canterbury Marriage Tales. Similarly, you would refer to Night of the Comet when discussing the movie generally but Night of the Comet Widescreen Full Movie 1984 (where the name of the movie appears in roman font as a title within a title) when referring specifically to the YouTube version or citing from it:
A column is a regular feature in a periodical publication like a magazine or newspaper. Columns are a way of branding or organizing information and do not need to be included in a works-cited-list entry if the work has a title; however, if you wish to include a column title, insert it in the middle optional-element slot after the title of the source:
When the column title is effectively the work’s title, include it:
A column title is distinct from the section name of a print newspaper. See our post on newspaper sections.
Yes. When you cite specific pages of a Web site, create works-cited-list entries for each page:
As noted on the Web site The William Blake Archive, “[T]he decade from 1808 to 1818 was not a profitable one for Blake” (“About”). By 1818, however, Blake began to print “Innocence and Experience as parts of the combined Songs” (“Songs”).
“About Blake.” The William Blake Archive, edited by Morris Eaves et al., 2017, www.blakearchive.org/staticpage/biography.
“Songs of Innocence (Composed 1789).” The William Blake Archive, edited by Morris Eaves et al., 2017, www.blakearchive.org/work/s-inn.
Do not create an entry for a Web site as a whole and then cross-reference individual pages to it, the way you might when you are citing several short stories in a printed anthology. Whereas your reader cannot access an individual story without obtaining the printed anthology as a whole, your reader can access individual Web pages without going to the home page first, so individual entries will allow your reader to access the information more quickly.
The script of a play and each performance of it are different works and should be cited separately. Apply the MLA format template to the work to create your works-cited-list entry.
Although the title of a published play is styled with italics, use quotation marks to indicate that a work is unpublished. You may use the optional-element slot at the end of the entry to provide supplemental information about the work:
To cite a performance of the same work, start with the title and then follow the template of core elements to list the other contributors (author, director, performers), the publisher (the production company), the date of the performance, and the location of the performance:
If you see the play on more than one date, you’re effectively seeing different versions of the work; thus, a new entry is required:
References in the Text
If you refer to both the script and the performance in your writing, be sure to distinguish them in context. For example, you could write:
For in-text references, cite the script by the author’s last name and cite the performance by the performance name, in accordance with the works-cited-list entries.
This principle applies to other types of works that appear in written form and also are performed, like screenplays and films as well as musical compositions and performances.
Cite a photograph found on a Web site the same way you would cite any work of art found online. See our post on citing images viewed in person or online. As always, key your in-text citation to the first element of the works-cited-list entry.
To cite a chronology from a book, mention the chronology in your writing:
The chronology at the end of The Oxford History of the French Revolution provides the order of major events in the period but no interpretation of them (Doyle).
Then create an entry for the book in your works-cited list:
If, however, the chronology has an author separate from the author of the book, list the author of the chronology and the chronology’s title (or a description of it) in your work-cited-list entry:
In our house style, we capitalize the letter in lettered volumes:
A poem by Louise Labé appears in volume C of The Longman Anthology of World Literature.
In a works-cited-list entry for a work by more than one author, the first name is inverted because the entry is alphabetized under the first author’s last name. Subsequent names are listed in normal order because they are easier to read that way, and MLA style aims to be reader-friendly.
In published works, credits–that is, permission to reprint images or other material–are given in the front matter, notes, or figure captions. A credit is a form of acknowledgment and must be worded in the way that the owner of the material specifies.
In a student paper, a credit may be given as a courtesy in a note or caption.